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The Individual Cult Experience Index: The Assessment of Cult Involvement and Its Relationship to Postcult Distress

 

Nadine Winocur
Jonibeth Whitney
Carol Sorenson
Peggy Vaughn
David Foy

 

Abstract

Research has suggested, but not yet quantitatively demon�strated, a relationship between cult involvement and postcult distress. This study addresses this problem with the develop�ment of the Individual Cult Experience (ICE) Index. Designed to tap group experiences associated with subsequent distress as reported in the cult and trauma literature, the ICE Index was tested on 76 support-seeking former cult members and two comparison groups (14 non-support-seeking former cult members and 13 distressed individuals who were not current or former cult members). Preliminary psychometric analyses show strong internal consistency (coefficient alpha � .89), and an overall correct classification rate of 84%. A correlation of .45 (p < .001) was found between the ICE Index and current distress as assessed with the Los Angeles Symptom Checklist (LASC). Thus, a relationship between extent of cult involve�ment and current distress in former cult members is demon�strated by the ICE Index, along with a differentiation between cult-involved and non-cult-involved individuals.


CSJ14-02C 

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Resources

+ AFF News, 01.02: Giambalvo, Carol: "Post-Cult Problems: An Exit Counselor's Perspective"
+ AFF News, 02.01: Martin, Paul, Ph.D.: "Pitfalls To Recovery"
+ AFF News, 02.02: Ford, Wendy: "The Role of the Family"
+ AFF News, 02.05: Lifton, Robert J., M.D.: "Cult Formation"
+ AFF News, 02.06: Rosedale, Herb: "Annual Report From the President"
+ AFF News, 03.01: Lalich, Janja Ph.D.: "Crazy" Therapies: What are They? Do They Work? - The Therapeutic Relationship
+ AFF News, 03.03: Lalich, Janja Ph.D.: "We Own Her Now"
+ AFF News, 03.05: Rosedale, Herb: "Conference Report"
+ AFF News, 03.06: Rosedale, Herb: "Annual Report: Letter From the President"
+ AFF News, 04.02: Stein, Alexandra: "Recovering From a Political Cult"
+ AFF News, 04.03: Henry, Roseanne: "Why We Need To Become Spiritual Consumers"
Andron, Sandy, Ed.D.: "Problem Solving An Approach for the Cult-Impacted Family"
Chambers, Robert, Ph.D. et al.: "The Group Psychological Abuse Scale" - abs
Furnari, Leona: "Born or Raised in Closed, High-Demand Groups or Cults: Developmental Issues"
Giambalvo, Carol: "Coping with Triggers and PTSD Symptoms"
Giambalvo, Carol: "Coping with Triggers"
Giambalvo, Carol: "Post-Cult Problems"
Groenveld, Jan: "It Hurts"
Henry, Rosanne: "Anxiety and Decision-Making"
Lalich, Janja, Ph.D.: "Individual Differences Affecting Recovery"
Langone, Michael D., Ph.D.: "Letter to a Former Member of a Meditation Group"
Martin, Paul, Ph.D.: "Pitfalls To Recovery"
Muster, Nori J.: "Myth and Themes of Ex-Membership"
Ryan, Patrick: "Coping With Trance States" - TM-EX News
Singer, Margaret Thaler, Ph.D.: "Post-Cult After Effects"
Singer, Margaret: "Coming Out of the Cults"
Tobias, Madeleine: "The Role of Cognitive Distortion"
≈ Betrayal of the Spirit Information - link
≈ FactNet - link
≈ ISKCON.NET- link
≈ Krishna Today - link
≈ Spiritual Abuse resources
≈ Testimonies of Jews who returned - link

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